THE MARTIAL ARTS SYSTEM OF AIBUDO
THE HEALING OF STRAINS AND SPRAINS
When these injuries take place, you must understand the stages your body normally goes through to repair itself.
(1) ACUTE INFLAMMATION STAGE:
Here is torn tissue with its cellular bleeding. You must stop the bleeding. Apply ice for ten to twenty minutes every hour. The three sensations of cold are: Cold, burning ache and then numbness or pain relief. This decreases swelling and muscle spasms. Cold makes the blood thicken and lessons capillary seepage and decreases blood flow to the injury. Avoid cold for to long of a time or an undesirable and counter effect will take place.
(2) TORN TISSUES START GROWING BACK TOGETHER:
From about 24 hours to 6 weeks, these tissues will reconnect. They may not be correctly oriented, but they will grow back. During this reconnecting, there can occur one of two types of "scars".
(a) TIGHT SCAR (Not desirable):
Tissues are of poor quality when they begin to reconnect and they are subject to re-tearing. An injury continues to re-occur in the same place because of tight scars.
(b) LOOSE SCAR (Desirable):
A loose scar allows the healthy tissue around the injury to take on the initial stress of the exercise and then back it up by the injured tissue. "Motion creates loose scars". Motion needs to be started after the initial one to three days of acute inflammation are past. Utilize both active and passive movements.
ACTIVE MOTION: Re-continue training with smooth
and proper technique. Incorrect technique is what caused the injury in the first place.
PASSIVE MOTION: Simple massage of the injured area. Massage from the inside-out.
(3) REMODELING STAGE:
This occurs from about 6 weeks to 1 year. The tissues which have grown back together are disoriented, but will begin to re-align correctly. They will cross hatch each other like graph paper. The more cross hatching there is, the stronger the tissue. Do not rest the injury for long periods of time. Keep moving and keep the scar loose. Utilize regular, non-stress martial arts movement, active resistance exercises and isometrics.
Begin the body moving 3 days after most strains and sprains.
Body movement interferes with the pain sensors reaching the brain. There are "A" and "C" fibers that run up and down the spinal cord. The "A" fibers report motion and the "C" fibers tell pain. The "A" fibers are very fast, but as they get to the brain, they have to pass through a small gate at the base of the skull. This is actually called the Wall-Malzac Gate. When you get the body in motion, the "A" (motion) fibers block off the "C" (pain) fibers. The brain in turn concerns its self mostly on the motion. The pain remains but the brain is simply ignoring it. Rapid motion stops pain.
Note: I do not remember where I acquired this information, but if and when the source becomes known, I will gladly give the credit and reference to them. Shihan